FODMAPs are molecules found in five types of sugar: Fructose( apples,pears, honey); Lactose:( chocolate, milk, cottage cheese); Fructans( wheat, garlic, onion); Galactans( beans, lentils,soybeans) and Polyols( apricots, sweeteners). They all are osmotic: pull water into the small intestine during digestion, causing abdominal pain and bloating.
Valerian root is very popular in Europe. It is used to manage certain cardiovascular problems.
This plant is famous for its ability to drastically calm shattered nerves down, normalize sleep and improve mood. In ancient Greece and Rome it was used as a remedy for several health problems such as anxiety and insomnia.